Autonomy of higher education institutions: analysis of the key European and International documents

Keywords: autonomy of higher education institutions; academic freedom; organizational, financial, personnel, academic autonomy

Abstract

Academic freedom, institutional autonomy and respect for the rule of law in relations between public authorities, higher education institutions and students are essential to democratic societies, and can be considered as the fundamental values of the European Higher Education Area. The European Governments have recognized the university autonomy as a precondition for the successful development of higher education. The European Commission notes as a priority the creation of a new framework for universities that are characterized by increased levels of autonomy and accountability. The Council of the European Union confirms this approach and establishes a direct relationship between autonomy and the ability of universities to meet the expectations of society. International experts emphasize the direct link between the institutional capacity of higher education institutions, the ability to identify and develop their own institutional profile and the autonomy of universities.

The necessity and role of autonomy in the sphere of higher education is determined. Autonomy of higher education institutions plays an important role in the strategic positions and declarations at the European and world level. It is confirmed by the relevant documents. The autonomy of universities (institutional) consists of the academic, financial, organizational and personnel autonomy. The level of university autonomy in Ukraine and European countries is analyzed on the basis of its components. Author designates that universities are the most independent in solving issues of personnel, academic, organizational and financial autonomy. Ukraine takes a position almost at the end of the «middle-low» cluster of systems, which testifies to the areas existence in which autonomy is limited.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

I. Vlasova, Institute of higher education NAPS of Ukraine

Doctoral Candidate

Candidate of Economic Sciences (Ph. D), Docent

References

Avtonomiya universy`tetiv Ukrayiny`: analiz i plan dij (2011). [Autonomy of the universities in Ukraine: analysis and action plan]. Retrieved from http://ipd.kpi.ua/documents/athena/%D0%90%%B9.pdf (In Ukrainian).

Vitrenko, Yu., Vorona, V., Kiriyenko, D., Kovtunecz`V. et al. (2017). Ekonomichni vidnosy`ny` u sy`stemi vy`shhoyi osvity`: modernizaciya v umovax innovacijnoyi ekonomiky`: monografiya [Economic relations in higher education system: modernization in the innovative economy: monograph]. Ky`yiv: Insty`tut vy`shhoyi osvity` NAPN Ukrayiny` (in Ukrainian).

Zakon Ukrayiny` Pro vy`shhu osvitu [Law of Ukraine on higher education] (2014). № 1556-VII. Retrieved from http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18/conv/page. (in Ukrainian).

Kalashnikova, S. (2016). Rozvy`tok liders`kogo potencialu suchasnogo universy`tetu: osnovy` ta instrumenty`: Navchal`ny`j posibny`k [Development of leadership potential of a modern University: foundations and tools]. K. : DP «NVCz «Priory`tety`» (in Ukrainian).

Lugovy`j, V., Kalashnikova, S. et al. (2014). Avtonomiya ta liderstvo v yevropejs`komu prostori vy`shhoyi osvity`, Vy`shha osvita Ukrayiny` [Autonomy and leadership in the European higher education area], 1, 14–20 (in Ukrainian).

Association of American Universities (2013). Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED555641.pdf.

Benneworth, P., H. de Boer (2011). Engaging in the Modernisation Agenda for European Higher Education. Brussels: ESMU.

Estermann, T. & Nokkala, T. (2009). University Autonomy in Europe: Exploratory study. European University Association. Retrieved from http://www.rkrs.si/gradiva/dokumenti/EUA_ Autonomy_Report_Final.pdf.

Estermann, T., Nokkala, T., Steinel, M. (2011). University Autonomy in Europe II The Scorecard. Retrieved from http://www.eua.be/Libraries/publications/University_Autonomy_in_ Europe_II_-_The_Scorecard.pdf?sfvrsn=2.

European Commission (2006). Delivering on the modernisation agenda for universities: education, research and innovation, COM (2006) 208 final, 10 May 2006. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2006:0208:FIN:en:PDF.

European Commission (2007). The European Research Area: New Perspectives, Green Paper, 4 April 2007. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/research/era/pdf/era_gp_final_en.pdf.

European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice (2018). The European Higher Education Area in 2018: Bologna Process Implementation Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/european-higher-education-area-2018-bologna-process-implementation-report_en.

Graz Declaration – Forward from Berlin: the role of universities (2008). European University Association (2003). Retrieved from http://www.unizd.hr/Portals/0/bolonjski_proces/ pdf/GrazDeclaration.pdf

Lisbon Declaration – Europe’s Universities beyond 2010: Diversity with a Common Purpose (2007). European University Association.EUA, Brussels, May 2007. Retrieved from http://www.eua.be/Libraries/quality-assurance/lisbon_declaration.pdf?sfvrsn=0.

Magna Charta Universitatum (1988). Retrieved from http://www.magna-charta.org/magna-charta-universitatum/the-magna-charta-1/the-magna-charta.

Paris communiqué Paris (2018, May 25th.). Retrieved from http://www.ehea.info/media.ehea.info/file/2018_Paris/77/1/EHEAParis2018_Communique_final_952771.pdf

Prague Declaration – European Universities: Looking forward with confidence (2009). European University Association. Retrieved from https://eua.eu/downloads/publications /prague%20declaration%20%20european%20universities%20looking%20forward%20with%20confidence%202009.pdf

Pruvot, E., & Estermann, T. (2017). University Autonomy in Europe III The Scorecard 2017 European University Association. Retrieved from https://eua.eu/resources/publications/350:university-autonomy%C2%A0in-europe-iii-%C2%A0the-scorecard-2017.html

Salamanca Convention. The Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area (2001). European University Association. Retrieved from http://www.ehea.info/cid100310/convention-of-european-higher-education-institutions.html

The Declaration on Academic Freedom and Autonomy of Institutions of Higher Education (Lima, 10 September 1988). Retrieved from https://www.wusgermany.de/sites/wusgermany. de/files/userfiles/WUS-Internationales/wus-lima-englisch.pdf

The Politics of European University Identity. Political and Academic Perspectives (2006). Bologna: Bolonia University Press, 9.

UNESCO (1997). Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel. Retrived from http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13144&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC& URL_ SECTION=201.html.

World Bank (2002). Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenges for Tertiary Education The World Bank. Washington D.C. Retrived from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/323021468329427646/Constructing-knowledge-societies-new-challenges-for-tertiary-education

World Declaration on Higher Education for the Twenty-first Century: Vision and Action (Paris, 5 to 9 October 1998). Retrieved from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000116345.


Abstract views: 114
PDF Downloads: 78
Published
2018-12-20
How to Cite
Vlasova, I. (2018). Autonomy of higher education institutions: analysis of the key European and International documents. International Scientific Journal of Universities and Leadership, (1(5), 62-71. https://doi.org/10.31874/2520-6702-2018-5-1-62-71