The Structure of Organization and Management of the Research at Universities in the USA

Keywords: bottom-up management, higher education, research management, shared governance, universities, USA

Abstract

The study aimed to identify the features of the structure of organization and management of the research at universities in the USA so that those features are used as variables in further research. The study used the method of content analysis of qualitative type to identify patterns of the structure of organization and management of the research in universities in the USA. It was found that the structure of organization research management at universities in the USA relies on four domains such as scientific, organisational (institutional), financial and legislative. The university research activity in the USA is regulated by federal law. The research office is involved in proposal development, negotiation, and management of the award, ensuring regulatory compliance regarding intellectual property protection and technology transfer, communication of policies and processes, dissemination of funding opportunities, and the sufficient level of committed effort dedicated to a project and certification. The office draws the emphasis on compliance with the below-outlined areas such as fiscal – cost transfers and sharing, direct charging, effort, financial and income monitoring and reporting, and research – animal subject (IACUC) and human subject (IRB) protections, conflicts of interest, environmental health and safety, export controls, invention disclosure, and reporting, scientific overlap and misconduct. The structure of organization and management of the research is based on the above collaborative work which is called shared governance with the bottom-up management approach. Further research is needed in the bottom-up management application prerequisites to be used in Ukraine.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Kateryna Shykhnenko, Institute of Public Administration and Research in Civil Protection

кандидат педагогічних наук, доцент, Інститут державного управління та наукових досліджень з цивільного захисту, завідувач кафедри мовної підготовки

References

Aghion, P., Dewatripont, M., Hoxby, C. M., Mas-Colell, A., & Sapir, A. (2009). The governance and performance of research universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S. National Bureau of Economic Research. https://www.nber.org/papers/w14851

American University. (2021). AU Research: Innovative, Impactful, & Game-Changing. University Research. https://www.american.edu/research/

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) (2017). Shared governance: Changing with the times. https://agb.org/sites/default/files/report_2017_shared_governance.pdf

Bahls, S. C. (2014). Shared governance in times of change: A practical guide for universities and colleges. AGB Press, 19-34. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED555690

Cornell Law School. (2021). Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Legal Information Institute. http://bitly.ws/f6WV

Dellavalle, S. (2017). “Top-down” vs. “bottom-up”: A dichotomy of paradigms for the legitimation of public power in the EU. Perspectives on Federalism, 9(2),18-46. https://doi.org/10.1515/pof-2017-0008

El-Khawas, E. (2002). Governance in US universities. In: A. Amaral, G. A. Jones, & B. Karseth (eds). Governing Higher Education: National Perspectives on Institutional Governance. Higher Education Dynamics, vol. 2. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9946-7_13

Ewart, J., & Ames, K. (2020). Managing your academic research project. SpringerLink. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-9192-1

Feldman, S., McElroy, E. J., & LaCour, N. (eds). (2021). Shared governance in colleges and universities. A Union of Professionals. http://bitly.ws/fh5p

Khelifi, S. (2019). The interplay between politics and institutions in higher education reform. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(3), 671-681. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.3.671

Lombardi, J. V., Abbey, C. W., & Craig, D. D. (2017). The top American research universities: Annual Report. UMASS & University of Flotida. https://mup.umass.edu/sites/default/files/mup-2017-top-american-research-universities-annual-report.pdf

Luo, A. (2019). What is content analysis and how can you use it in your research? Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/content-analysis/

Martinich, A. (2004). The political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Think, 3(7), 55-60. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1477175600000828

Northwestern University. (2021). Office for Research. https://www.research.northwestern.edu/

Shattock, M. (2003). Research, administration and university Management: What Can Research Contribute to Policy? In: Begg R. (Eds). The Dialogue between Higher Education Research and Practice. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-306-48368-4_5

Stanford University. (2021). Office of research administration. https://ora.stanford.edu/

van Helden, P. (2010). Managing academic research. EMBO reports, 11(9), 648. https://doi.org/10.1038/embor.2010.118

UniRank. (2021). Top universities in the United States: 2021 US University Ranking. https://www.4icu.org/us/

University of California. (2021). Ethical Guidelines, Federal Regulations and State Statutes. Office of Research. https://research.uci.edu/compliance/human-research-protections/researchers/ethical-guidelines-fed-regs-and-state-statutes.html

University of Michigan. (2021). U-M Office of Research (UMOR). https://research.umich.edu/research-u-m/office-research

University of Pennsylvania. (2021). Office of research services. https://researchservices.upenn.edu/

University of Washington. (2021). Research. https://www.washington.edu/research/

University of Wisconsin-Madison. (2021). Research. https://research.wisc.edu/

Walsh, M., Huang, C., & Felix, E. (2019). Three academic research trends that are reshaping university spaces, technology, support services, and staffing. Brightspot. https://www.brightspotstrategy.com/adapt-recent-trends-research-methodology/

Williamson, K. & Johanson, G. (eds). (2018). Research methods: Information, systems, and contexts. Chandos Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1016/C2016-0-03932-3


Abstract views: 41
PDF Downloads: 38
Published
2021-12-20
How to Cite
Shykhnenko, K. (2021). The Structure of Organization and Management of the Research at Universities in the USA. International Scientific Journal of Universities and Leadership, (12), 234-243. https://doi.org/10.31874/2520-6702-2021-12-2-234-243
Section
Development of research potential of universities