Perspectives of the future and global leadership: ideas and concepts

Keywords: future, philosophy of time, higher education, post-non-classical cognition, forecasting, global leadership, political analysis


In the article a comparative analysis of the concepts of S. Huntington, F. Fukuyama and I. Wallerstein is carried out in order to identify the theoretical and methodological foundations of the coming future. I. Wallerstein's post-non-classical ideas foreshadowing the crisis of liberalism and the need to transform the foundations of Western democracy, the collapse of capitalism development paradigms, the growing interconnection of populism and authoritarianism, the formation of a new transitional period characterized by systemic disorder (chaos), acute political struggle on the principle “all against all”, lack of peaceful coexistence, stability and legality are most adequately reflected in the modern political process. In general, the future appears as a bundle of scenarios of varying degrees of probability, only some of which, bypassing the zones of uncertainty, can take place. This approach significantly changes the approach to higher education and the teaching of the humanities and social sciences.

The second part of the article discusses the issues of defining the future by preceding events, highlighting the main and peripheral events that lay the foundation for the future. It is noted that even before the pandemic, the flaws of democracy and the growth of anti-liberal and anti-globalist sentiments in the world became noticeable, leading to national insularity, strengthening xenophobia, contributing to the growth of authoritarian regimes and their image in populist terms. It is emphasized that the majority of contemporary forecasts are alarmist in nature, they are value colored by deep pessimism and apocalyptic sentiments.

Each country will have to cope with threats on its own, because the world must go through destructive processes in order to establish a new order, confirming Wallerstein's predictions.

As you can see, we are talking about a serious reduction in the philosophy of education and its systemic paradigms.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Ali Abasov, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan

Doctor of Science in Philosophy, Professor,
Head of Department of Modern Problems of Philosophy,
Institute of Philosophy, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan


Abasov, A. (2020). Pandemic of the world of globalization. 2020 June 30.

Duclos, M. (08.11.2019). Liberal democracy no longer seems to be a compulsory example to follow - Le Monde. InoPressa.

Durano, M. (24.07.2019). We are not the cause of the end of the world, but the end of the world gives us a reason: to live as well as possible. InoPressa.

Fukuyama, F. (2015). The end of history and the last man. M., Publishing house: AST.

Huntington, S. (2003). The Third Wave. Democratization at the End of the Twentieth Century. Moscow: ROSSPAN.

Huntington, S. (2015). The clash of civilizations. M., Publishing house: AST.

Lasserre, I. (06.11.19). Fukuyama's restful world erased by Huntington's clash of civilizations. InoPressa. Nov2019/lefigaro lemonde/endoftime.html.

Mohamedou, M-M. (04.05.20). У. Geopolitics after the coronavirus. Le Temps. InoPressa.

Mueller, H. (21.01.19). Zombies in the Snow. Der Spiegel. InoPressa.

Ram, E. (12.07.19). Yuval Noah Harari: Technology threatens liberal democracy. Le Temps. InoPressa.

Schwab, K., & Davis, N. (2019). Technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. М.: Exmo, 2019.

Wallerstein, I. (2001). Analysis of World Systems and the Situation in the Modern World. SPb: Universitetskaya kniga Publisher.

Wallerstein, I. (2003). After Liberalism. M: Unitorial URSS.

Abstract views: 54
PDF Downloads: 39
How to Cite
Abasov, A. (2021). Perspectives of the future and global leadership: ideas and concepts. International Scientific Journal of Universities and Leadership, (12), 88-99.
Leadership and institutional development of universities: trends and achievements