Development of design thinking - a modern view on the training of masters of technical specialties on the experience Dnipro University of Technology

Keywords: design thinking, master's degree, materials science, educational program, competence, modern technical means

Abstract

The article investigates the use of design thinking techniques with the help of modern technical means to improve the quality of training of masters of technical specialities. The relevance of the study is based on the changes in society, which require a system of training of technical specialities in higher education institutions to respond quickly and flexibly to the changes in the ideology of the consumer "products" of this system, of the developer and manufacturer of the final product.

Based on WEF's analytical conclusions on the labour market, the authors of the article propose to develop skills in the training of Masters in technical specialities that will allow them to restructure their way of thinking and more effectively integrate into modern production. On the example of consideration of the structure of the educational program of masters "Industrial aesthetics and certification of production equipment" initiated in NTU "Dnipro University of Technology" and comparison with the requirements of the approved Standard of higher education in 132 Materials for Master level, the authors advise to apply and actively develop creativity, originality of thinking, ability to persuade and negotiate, using the method of design thinking of the students. It is this approach that forms for Masters a paradigm of perception and change to the surrounding harmonious subject environment, which allows considering the relationships and interactions within such an environment.

The approved Standard of higher education in the speciality 132 Materials Science allows forming the content of the educational program, which provides the formation of stages of design thinking. Construction of training considering the methodology of design thinking is associated with the creation of conditions of immersion in the subject area, continuous interaction with the "conditional customer", organization of teamwork, development of students' competencies in presenting solutions in the form of visual images based on information technologies with the use of active teaching methods in all their diversity and complexity.

This contributes to the formation of students' valuable communication skills, entrepreneurship, public speaking skills, obtained in the process of solving real problems that came from the external environment. As a result, students acquire practical skills, abilities and experience that will be in demand in their further educational and professional activities.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Tatyana Pismenkova, Dnipro University of Technology

candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor
Ukraine, Dnipro University of Technology,
Associate Professor of the Department of Design, Technical Aesthetics and Design

Kirill Ziborov, Dnipro University of Technology

candidate of technical sciences, associate professor
Ukraine, Dnipro University of Technology,
Head of the Department of Design, Technical Aesthetics and Design

References

Braun, T. (2012). Dizayn-myshleniye v biznese. Ot razrabotki novykh produktov do proyektirovaniya biznes-modeley [Design thinking in business. From new product development to business model design]. M: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber. [in Russian].

Zíborov, K.A., Pismenkova, T.O., & Merkulova, G.V. (2017). Formuvannya khudozhn'o‐yestetichnikh zdíbnostey suchasnogo konstruktora [Formation of artistic and aesthetic abilities of a modern designer]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii «Sovremennyye innovatsionnyye tekhnologii podgotovki inzhenernykh kadrov dlya gornoy promyshlennosti i transporta 2017». D.: NGU, 640-646. [in Ukrainian].

Ivanova, V.V. (2019). Rolʹ dyzayn-myslennya v osviti [The role of design thinking in education]. Intelekt ХХІ, 15, 93-97. [in Ukrainian].

Ros, B. (2016). Privychka dostigat'. Ot razrabotki novykh produktov do proyektirovaniya biznes-modeley [Skill to achieve. From new product development to business model design]. M: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber. [in Russian].

Standart vyshchoyi osvity Ukrayiny pidhotovky fakhivtsiv druhoho (mahistersʹkoho) rivnya, zdobuvachiv stupenyu «mahistr» u haluzi znanʹ 13 Mekhanichna inzheneriya, spetsialʹnistʹ 132 Materialoznavstvo [Standard of higher education of Ukraine of training of specialists of the second (Master) level, candidates of the degree "Master" in the field of knowledge 13 Mechanical engineering, Speciality 132 Materials science]. (2020). https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/vishcha-osvita/zatverdzeni%20standarty/2020/11/17/132-materialoznavstvo-mahistr.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Braha, D., & Maimon, O. (1997). The design process: Properties, paradigms, and structure. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics-Part A: Systems and Humans, 27, 146–166. doi:10.1109/3468.554679

K.A. Ziborov, T.O. Pismenkova, S.O. Fedoriachenko, A.V. Merkulova, I.K. Ziborov Innovative Approach for Preparation of Skilled Engineers // Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal (ISSN 2412-5954) №15, 2018 - Р. 217 - 229

Kelly, T., Kelly , D. (2015). Creative confidence. How to release and realize your creative powers / transl. by T. Earthling. Moscow, Azbuka Biznes, Azbuka-Attikus. 288 p.

https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Future_of_Jobs_2018.pdf

Hasso-Plattner Institute at Stanford University’s https://dschool.stanford.edu/resources/getting-started-with-design-thinking

Oxford English Dictionary 3rd edition (Word from 2nd edition 1989)

Rotherham, A. J., & Willingham, D. (2009). To work, the 21st century skills movement will require keen attention to curriculum, teacher quality, and assessment. Educational Leadership, 9, 15–20.

Shute, V. J., & Torres, R. (2012). Where streams converge: Using evidence-centered design to assess Quest to Learn. In M. Mayrath, J. Clarke-Midura, & D. H. Robinson (Eds.), Technology-based assessments for 21st century skills: Theoretical and practical implications from modern research (pp. 91–124). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Todd, R., & Magleby, S. (2004). Evaluation and rewards for faculty involved in engineering design education. International Journal of Engineering, 20, 333–340.


Abstract views: 48
PDF Downloads: 47
Published
2021-12-20
How to Cite
Pismenkova, T., & Ziborov, K. (2021). Development of design thinking - a modern view on the training of masters of technical specialties on the experience Dnipro University of Technology. International Scientific Journal of Universities and Leadership, (12), 22-34. https://doi.org/10.31874/2520-6702-2021-12-2-22-34
Section
Higher education: leading domestic and foreign experience