Аxiological features of formation of leadership qualities in the process of obtaining higher education
Based on the analyzed literature, it is established that leaders play an important role in the society. The sources have shown that each period of development of the society has its own leaders. This correspondence is due to the fact that leaders have the qualities that the society, social group or team wants to see. The use of methods of analysis of philosophical, psychological and relevant literature, phenomenological, dialectical method, systematization, generalization, hypothetical-deductive modeling made it possible to establish that only some qualities are instinctive and focus on self-preservation, self-realization, etc., but there are qualities that are acquired during the study in a higher education institution, in their combination they form a leader not only in the public, professional, political sphere, but also in life. Taking into account the information period of society development, its openness and uncertainty requires a person to be a leader. Having formed own «I», having mastered universal and professional values, developing leadership qualities, a person enters the whirlpool of professional life, enters a social professional group, with which the person began to identify himself or herself during the period of mastering the profession. Particular attention is paid to student self-government, which, in accordance with current legislation, creates all the conditions for the development of leadership qualities that are provoked by such values as life, people, justice, freedom, responsibility. Focusing on these and other values promotes the development of the following qualities: initiative, creativity, sociability, comradeship, sensitivity, professionalism, erudition, responsibility, ability to predict actions and predict their consequences. Having developed these qualities, the student becomes ready for life’s challenges, able to lead a social group, take responsibility for decisions, and so on. That is, the leader who is being formed today in educational institutions is ready to organize collective action to achieve the goal and master the values that are needed for a social group, team, society.
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