Psychological features of studying a foreign language for professional purposes
The article considers the issue of taking into account the psychological characteristics of students in the study of a foreign language for professional purposes. It was analyzed the methodological aspects of taking into account psychological features in teaching a foreign language. Emphasis is placed on the need and importance of taking into account the psychological characteristics of students in the process of learning a foreign language for professional purposes. The main psychological factors of learning a foreign language are identified. Among the main psychological factors are: motivation and interest in language learning, temperament, memory, ability to learn languages, language barrier. Motivation is a major factor in language learning. Only the motivation to succeed can bring results in language learning. Psychological comfort in the classroom is a way to realize their importance in society, trying to get the most information for successful self-development. Under the condition of complete psychological comfort, the intensive development of mental processes and imagination, the improvement of memory, and the ability to communicate begin. Activating memorization processes also plays an important role in foreign language learning. The human brain is a complex mechanism and the main indicator of its efficiency is attention. If attention is reduced, a person can hardly concentrate. The article states that the success of learning a foreign language is determined by a combination of factors: motivational, emotional, cognitive, linguistic, psychophysiological and interactive. This means that the psychological aspects of learning a foreign language determine not only the goals and objectives of teaching, motivation, interest of students, but also the methods and approaches to learning. Emphasis is placed on the need to constantly search for new opportunities and ways to form and improve methods of learning a foreign language for professional purposes. The leading idea of the article is that taking into account the psychological, pedagogical and individual characteristics of students in the study of a foreign language for professional purposes allows to introduce new technologies into the educational process, increase learning efficiency, develop language skills and competencies, develop creative abilities, increase independent and extracurricular activities.
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