Scientific and methodological approaches to the study of pedagogical personality

Keywords: scientific approach, pedagogical personality, intellectual biography, anthropology, axiology, phenomenology, hermeneutics, synergetics

Abstract

The article presents a synthesized analysis of scientific and methodological approaches to the study of pedagogical personalities - famous teachers, scholars, public figures who have made a significant contribution to the development of education and pedagogical science of Ukraine and the world. The essence of scientific and methodological approaches is characterized according to their division into two main conditional groups: «traditional» that were used in historical and pedagogical studies in the second half of the XX century (historical and logical; semantic and formal; personal and active; quantitative and qualitative; culturological and its varieties, etc.) and «innovative» , which began to be actively used as a research tool in the late 1990s (anthropological, axiological, phenomenological, hermeneutic, intellectual and biographical, paradigmatic, synergetic, etc.).

The peculiarities and difficulties of using scientific and methodological approaches to the study of pedagogical personality are clarified. They are connected to the fact that, first, this issue is mainly considered in the context of the study of individual biographies, which determines the brevity, abstractness of its understanding or does not take into account the specifics of biographical studies. Secondly, due to the «multi-layered» methodology of pedagogical science and the subjective reflections of scholars, there is an arbitrary interpretation and use of these methodological approaches. Third, in specific biographical studies, scientists operate with a relatively narrow range of methodological approaches, which limits the cognitive possibilities and general research results.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Iryna Rozman, Mukachevo State University

– Ph. D. (Pedagogy), Associate Professor
– Ukraine
– Mukachevo State University, Department of English Philology and Teachin Methods of Foreign Language.

References

Anosov, I.P. (2003). Suchasnyi osvitnii protses: antropolohichnyi aspect [Modern educational process: anthropological aspect]: monohrafiia. K.: Tvim inter. (in Ukrainian).

Afanas`ev, M.S. (1990). Soczial`ny`e czennosti i czennostnaya orientacziya lichnosti [Social values and personal value orientation]. Moskva: Politizdatel`stvo,. 211 s. (Іn Russian).

Berulava, M. (2014). Fenomenologicheskij proekt v pedagogike [Phenomenological project in pedagogy]. http://www.allbest.2. (Іn Russian).

Betty, Е. (1986). Hermenevtyka kak obshchaia metodolohyia nauk o dukhe [Hermeneutics as a general methodology of the sciences of the spirit]: http://doxa.onu.edu.ua/Doxa10/367-390.pdf. (Іn Russian).

Bekh, I.D. (1998). Osobystisno zoriientovane vykhovannia [Personally oriented education]: naukovo-metod. posibnyk. Kyiv: IZMN. 204 s. (in Ukrainian).

Busel, V.T. (2003). Velykyi tlumachnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy [Large explanatory dictionary of the modern Ukrainian language]. Kyiv; Irpin: VTF «Perun». (in Ukrainian).

Bym-Bad, B.D. (2002). Pedahohycheskaia antropolohyia [Pedagogical anthropology]: ucheb posob. Moskva: URAO. (Іn Russian).

Varii, M.I. (2008). Psykholohiia osobystosti [Personality psychology]: navch. posibnyk. Kyiv: Tsentr uch. lit. (in Ukrainian).

Gineczinskij, V.I. (1992). Osnovy` teoreticheskoj pedagogiki [Fundamentals of theoretical pedagogy]. S-Pb.: Izd-vo Sankt-Peterburgskogo un-ta. (Іn Russian).

Gricanov, A., Abushenko, V., Evel'kin, G, Sokolova, G., & Tereshchenko, O. (sost.). (2003). Sotsyolohyia: Еntsyklopedyia. [Sociology: Еncyclopedia]. Mynsk: Knyzhnуi Dom. (Іn Belorussiya).

Dichek, N. (2001). Biohrafichnyi metod yak instrument doslidzhennia vitchyznianoi istorii pedahohiky [Biographical method as a tool for studyingthe national history of pedagogy]. Shliakh osvity, 4, 15-19. (in Ukrainian).

Dyusheeva, N. K. (2008). Metodologicheskie podkhody` k professional`no lichnostnomu formirovaniyu budushhego uchitelya [Methodological approaches to the professional and personal formation of the future teacher]. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie i nauka, 9. 16-23. (Іn Russian).

Ziaziun I. (2011). Pedahohichne naukove doslidzhennia v konteksti tsilisnoho pidkhodu [Pedagogical research in the context of a holistic approach]. Porivnialna profesiina pedahohika. № 1. S. 19 − 28. (in Ukrainian).

Ippolitova N.V. (2012). Vzaimosvyaz` ponyatij «metodologiya» i «metodologicheskij podkhod» [The relationship between the concepts of «methodology» and «methodological approach»]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural`skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Obrazovanie. (Іn Russian).

Kvi`t, S. (2013). Osnovi germenevtiki [Fundamentals of hermeneutics]: navch. posi`b. Kiyiv: Vid. di`m «KM Akademi`ya». (in Ukrainian).

Kostikova, I.I. (2007). Stan i perspektyvy informatyzatsii vyshchoi osvity. [Status and prospects of informatization of higher education]. Pedahohika, psykholohiia ta medyko-biolohichni problemy fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu, 7, 74-78. (in Ukrainian).

Kremen, V. (2013). Pedahohycheskaia synerhetyka: poniatyino-katehoryalnыi syntez [Pedagogical synergetics: conceptual and categorical synthesis]. Teoriia I praktyka upravlinnia sotsialnymy systemamy, 3, 3-19. (in Ukrainian).

Lykhachev, B.T. (1997). Vvedenye v teoryiu y ystoryiu vospytatelnыkh tsennostei [Introduction to the theory and history of educational values]. Samara. 84 s. (Іn Russian).

Novykov, A.M. (2006). Metodolohyia obrazovanyia [Education methodology]. Moskva: Эhves. (Іn Russian).

Onyshchenko, V.D. (2014). Fundamentalni pedahohichni teorii [Fundamental pedagogical theories]: monohrafiia. Lviv: Norma. (in Ukrainian).

Savchenko, S. V. (2003). Pedahohichnyi pidkhid: heneza ta sutnist poniattia [Pedagogical approach: genesis and essence of the concept]. Metodolohichni zasady pedahohichnoho doslidzhennia: monohrafiia. Luhansk: DZ «LNU imeni Tarasa Shevchenka». S. 35-43. (in Ukrainian).

Sukhomlynska, O. V. (2005). Perednie slovo [Foreword]. Ukrainska pedahohika v personaliiakh. U 2 kn. Kn. 1. Kh-XIX. Kyiv: Lybid. S. 3-8. (in Ukrainian).


Abstract views: 94
PDF Downloads: 133
Published
2021-06-14
How to Cite
Rozman, I. (2021). Scientific and methodological approaches to the study of pedagogical personality. International Scientific Journal of Universities and Leadership, (11), 16-24. https://doi.org/10.31874/2520-6702-2021-11-1-16-24
Section
Development of society and higher education: philosophical aspects