Higher Education under the Conditions of Complexity and Uncertainty of the World: Post-non-classical Development Strategies and Personal Dimension
The situation of the contemporary world possesses such features that can be denoted by the acronym VUCA: volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity. The fundamental nonlinearity of the development of both nature and society turns into the inconsistency of the future with the usual and anticipated ideas of the humankind – and into changes in the philosophical understanding of the essence and strategies of higher education. Under the conditions of instability and unpredictability, any «ready-made» knowledge is irrelevant, it is quickly becoming obsolete; subsequently, the knowledge and skills acquired by a graduate of a higher education institution are no longer decisive for his or her competence: their place is rather being taken by the ability to create new forms of knowledge and skills in accordance with rapidly changing circumstances. In other words, in obedience to the human-dimensionality of the post-classical type of rationality, in a situation of uncertainty and risk, the human personality, the level of his or her general cultural development becomes especially valuable, – and the task of higher education becomes to educate a person capable of living in a world of complexity and uncertainty, capable of evaluating all the risks in a much wider perspective than any one single discipline or professional field. An important factor in this task is the transition to student-centered learning, i.e., focusing the educational process on student personality, but on teacher personality as well – contrary to the linear-modern orientation on the formality of learning, on standard, stable and constant educational trajectories. And it is philosophy that now possesses particular importance in the structure of the educational process, as a factor of successful formation of a full-fledged personality of a HEI graduate, able to deal with new, unusual things and phenomena - in other words, able to think creatively, critically and independently.
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