Research Integrity at Universities: analysis of the United Kingdom and Ukraine experiences
Ukraine's accession to the Bologna Process and accession to the European Higher Education Area and the European Research Area leads to an increase in the institutional capacity of domestic higher education institutions, which implies, in particular, improved quality of research. This, in turn, actualizes the change in the paradigm of university research management. Following the recommendations of the Lisbon Summit (2000), universities need to move from traditional governance to a governance model that avoids excessive government regulation and micro-governance. Research governance involves, in particular, the implementation of an institutional policy to create an environment in which high scientific and ethical standards are met when conducting research. The purpose of the article is to perform a comparative analysis of the specificities of implementing institutional policies on research virtue at British and Ukrainian universities. It has been established that in higher education institutions of both countries ensuring research integrity is one of the main directions of institutional policies; adherence to ethical principles in conducting research is mandatory for members of the university community. At the same time, unlike domestic universities in British higher education institutions, institutional policies on research integrity are more clearly defined, open and transparent. To achieve this goal, methods of analysis, synthesis, comparison, systematization of scientific and internet sources were used, which revealed the peculiarities of supporting/developing a culture of research virtue in the system of research governance in the leading universities in the UK. The comparative analysis made it possible to offer recommendations for domestic higher education institutions to overcome the crisis of academic, in particular, research integrity. The use of the method of generalization made it possible to draw conclusions about the results of the study.
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